watermelon

The significance of watermelon in food and medicine:

Regular consumption of vegetables and fruits plays an important role in balancing the diet and eating healthful foods.  According to experts, man to stay healthy, one should consume 280 grams of vegetables per person per day while in Pakistan this amount is 150 grams per person.Therefore, it is necessary not only to grow vegetables but also to adopt the habit of eating more.  Every person should also be cultivated 10 Marla for personal use.  Vegetables include proteins, starch, mineral salts, iron, contain phosphorus, sodium, potassium, thanks to which vegetables play an important role in maintaining human health. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said that the use of watermelon washes the stomach (cleanses from diseases)”. The use of watermelon against cancer. Strengthens the immune system. Watermelon is a useful fruit for eliminating bladder and kidney stones.  Removes heat from the liver.

 

Climate

  • Watermelon produces better fruit in semi-hot and dry climates. 
  • If the days are hot and the nights are a little cold after fruiting, then Sweetness is more produced.
  • Watermelon does not tolerate too much cold and even in extreme heat its yolks die and It become dry. 

 

Irrigation

  • If the watermelon is watered more, its fruit will be less. Depending on the weather, you should increase or decrease the amount of irrigation
  • If it is irrigated in hot and dry weather after fruiting, there may be a complaint of fruit bursting.

Important Areas Of Cultivation

Watermelon can be grown all over Punjab but it is mostly grown Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Jhang, Multan, Khanewal, Layyah, Sahiwal, Chiniot, Mamoun Kanjan, Toba Tek Singh, Vehari and Bahawalpur.

Bringing More Fruit

If due to water or rain or due to too much fertilizer, the watermelon vines start to grow in large quantities and the fruit will be less. Therefore, the fast growing buds on long watermelon vines should be cut.

Fertilizers and Nutrients

The amount of fertilizer can be increased or decreased according to the changes in  organic matter and soil structure, the natural fertility of the Land, Cultivation Area, Time of Cultivation, Method of Cultivation, Number and Type of Irrigation, Number of Pots.

 

seed rate and number of plants

300 grams per acre of cross-seed varieties is sufficient. By maintaining mutual distance 8 to 10 feet of tracks and 1 to 1.5 feet of plant, plants are planted in an acre, we should plant 4 to 5 thousand plants in an acre.  Under better conditions stored Seed expiration can last up to three years, but for caution do not plant seeds older than one year.

Time Of Cultivation

Watermelon is cultivated in the tunnel in mid-December. Mid-February to mid-March is the best season for watermelon cultivation in case of outside the tunnel. In river areas, watermelon is grown in December. The second crop, which is cultivated after mid-July, has to face unfavorable conditions. This crop is grown on a very small area. Only trained cultivator in  specific areas can cultivate it.

 

Method Of Cultivation

The watermelon should be cultivated by hand along the edges of the tracks.  By keeping a mutual distance of tracks 8 to 10 feet and of plants 1 to 1.5 feet, four thousand to 5 thousand plants should be cultivated in an acre.  Drainages depth should be kept 9 inches or more  so that there is no deficit of water in the hot weather of May-June.  If the plants are planted by hand the next sunrise, through irrigation in the evening So proper moisture improves plant growth.

 

Ground Clearing:

After the plants come out of the ground, within three weeks, leave one plant in each hole and remove the extra plants.

Endurance And Masonry

Most types of watermelons masonry are ready in 90 to 110 days are cultivated in Central Punjab in February-March.

Production:

Most kinds of watermelon yield three  to four hundred Maund (Mann) per acre. Due to better farming practices, the watermelon yield can be up to 600 Mann per acre.

 

Diseases And Their Prevention:

Major watermelon diseases include scorching, withering and fungal infections. Sometimes a virus attack can occur. In all of these diseases, scorching and fungal infections are more effective.

Scorching And Fluffy Mildew Or Fungus:

Due to this fungus, green crops can be destroyed during fruiting. The disease can be more harmful in rainy and humid weatherYellow marks appear on its leaves as an early sign. The overall color of the crop becomes light green. If the disease progresses, the direction of branches goes upwards To prevent this disease, Interkal 500 grams, Melody Dave 500 grams or Redomal Gold 250 grams per 100 liters of water can be used.

Powdery Mildew Or Fungus:

The disease is more harmful in mild and humid weather. It usually attacks in March to May. To avoid this, mix Natovo 65 grams, Topson M250 grams or Score 100 ml in per 100 liters of water and spray it.

Withering (Jhulsao)

Withering disease has become quite common nowadays. In this disease, the plants wither and die or perish. To prevent this, it is important to avoid full irrigation during the first fifty days. When the initial symptoms appear, Topson M3 gram per liter of water should be mixed and put into the roots

 

Root Rot (Akhaira)

The disease attacks cucumber, pumpkins and watermelons. This disease attacks before or after the crop grows. In the first case, the seed is rot or the newborn plants die. Ten or twelve days after to grow, the leaves of the plants turn yellow and the growth stops and the plants die. The germs of this disease are present in the soil. The onset of the disease is exacerbated by poor drainage. Do not cultivate these crops for two to three years in the land where this disease is present. Choose better drained land for cultivation. Poisoned the seed with Thaiv Fanate Methyle.

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